CAMBRIDGE MODERN HISTORY
WARS OF RELIGION
1559. Treaty of Cateau Cambresis between France and Spain (April).
Death of Henry II at a Tournament.
Accession of Francis II.
Supremacy of the Guises, uncles of the Queen.
1560. La Renaudie’s Conspiracy, the Tumult of Amboise (March).
Edict of Romorantin against the Huguenots.
Arrest and sentence of Condé.
Death of Francis II (Dec.).
Accession of Charles IX under guardianship of Catherine di Medici and Anthony of Navarre.
1561. Estates General of Orleans (Jan.).
The Catholic triumvirate—Guise, Montmorenci, S. André—Estates of Pontoise (Aug.).
Colloquy of Poissi between Catholic and Calvinist divines (Sept.).
1562. The tolerant Edict of January. Navarre joins the Catholics.
Massacre of the Congregation of Vassi by Guise’s followers (March).
Condé and Coligni seize Orleans (April).
English at Havre. Capture of Rouen by Catholics (Oct.), and death of Navarre.
Defeat of Huguenots at Dreux.
Capture of Condé and Montmorenci. Death of S. André
1563. Murder of Guise before Orleans by Poltrot (Feb.).
Peace of Amboise (March).
Capture of Havre from English (July).
1564. Peace of Troyes with English. Tour of Catherine and Charles.
1565. Their interview with Elizabeth of Spain and Alva at Bayonne (June).
1566. Troubles in the Netherlands.
1567. Second War. Attempt of Condé to seize the Court at Meaux (Sept.).
Condé attacks Paris. Battle of S. Denis. Death of Montmorenci (Nov.).
1568. John Casimir’s Germans join Condé.
Peace of Longjumeau or Chartres (March).
Flight of Condé and Coligni (Aug.).
1569. Defeat of Huguenots at Jarnac (March).
Death of Condé. Invasion of Deux Fonts.
Defeat of Coligni at Moncontour (Oct.).
Defence of S. Jean d’Angely.
Louis of Nassau at Rochelle.
1570. Peace of S. Germain (Aug.).
1571-2. French schemes on Netherlands.
Louis of Nassau with French aid seizes Valenciennes and Mons.
Marriage of Navarre and Margaret.
Massacre of S. Bartholomew (Aug.).
1572. Navarre and Condé abjure Reform.
Local resistance of Huguenot towns.
The Fourth War.
1573. Sieges of Rochelle and Sancerre.
Negotiations of the Crown with Orange.
The Fair of Frankfort.
Election of Anjou to throne of Poland (May).
Peace of Rochelle (June).
1574. Fifth War. Conspiracy of Navarre and Alençon—its discovery.
Execution of La Mole and Coconas.
Arrest of Marshals Montmorenci and Cosse.
Death of Charles IX (May).
Negotiations for marriage of Alençon with Elizabeth (1573-4)
Confederation of Huguenots and Politiques under Damville in Languedoc.
Return of Henry III from Poland (Sept.).
Death of Cardinal of Lorraine (Dec.).
1575. Escape and revolt of Alençon. Invasion of John Casimir (Sept.).
1576. Escape of Navarre (Feb.).
Alençon, John Casimir, and Condé march on Paris.
Peace of Monsieur (April). Its favorable terms for the Huguenots.
Catholic League of Picardy (June).
Estates General of Blois and Catholic revival.
1577. The Sixth War (March).
Peace of Bergerac (Sept.).
1578. Alençon in the Netherlands. Growing antagonism to the Crown.
1579. Alençon in England. French occupation of Cambrai and La Fere.
1580. Seventh or Lovers’ War (Feb.).
Peace of Fleix (Nov.).
Treaty of Plessis between Alen9on and United Provinces.
Henry recognizes Alençon’s expedition to Netherlands.
France to annex Artois.
1581. Alençon lord of the Netherlands; his visit to England and betrothal to Elizabeth.
1582. Alençon in the Netherlands.
Catherine interferes for independence of Portugal.
Defeat of French fleet off Azores.
1583. Alençon’s treacherous attempt on Antwerp (Jan.).
Alençon’s death (June).
Assassination of Orange (July).
1584. The League of Paris (Dec.).
1585. The Pact of Joinville between Guises, Cardinal Bourbon, and Spanish agents (Jan.).
Henry III refuses the sovereignty of the Netherlands (Feb.).
1587. War of the Three Henries.
Navarre defeats Joyeuse at Coutras (Oct.).
The King makes terms with the German auxiliaries who are cut to pieces by Guise (Nov.).
Remarkable retreat of the Huguenot horse.
1588. The day of the Barricades (May).
The King forced to fly from Paris.
The Estates General of Blois.
Murder of Henry of Guise and the Cardinal of Guise by the King (Dec.).
1589. Death of Catherine di Medici (Jan.).
The Revolution at Paris.
League of the King and Navarre.
Their march on Paris. Murder of Henry III (Aug.).
1589. Two Bourbon Kings, Henry IV and Charles X.
Henry’s retreat from Paris to Normandy.
Differences between Mayenne and the Sixteen at Paris.
Spanish influence in Paris.
1590. Henry’s victory at Ivry (March).
Siege and starvation of Paris.
Death of Charles X. (May).
The Duke of Parma relieves the town (Sept.).
1591. The Royalists capture S. Denis, blockade Paris, and take Chartres.
Terrorism of the Sixteen and their suppression by Mayenne.
1592. Siege of Rouen and its relief by Parma. His retreat to the Netherlands and death (Dec.).
1593. Estates of the League. Who is to be the Catholic King?
Struggle against Spanish influence.
Henry IV’s abjuration of heresy (July).
1594. Henry IV enters Paris (March).
Gradual extinction of the League.
1595. War declared against Spain (Jan.).
The King's absolution by Clement VIII (Sept.).
1596. Submission of Mayenne.
The Spaniards surprise Calais (April).
1597. The Spaniards surprise Amiens (March). Its re-capture (Sept.).
1598. Brittany conquered. The last of the League.
Edict of Nantes and Peace of Vervins with Spain